The Internet of Things (IoT) is a fast emerging network of IP-connected devices and the communication (transfer of data) that occurs amid these devices without any human interface. IoT devices utilizes wireless sensor networks, control systems, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) and the Internet to interact with external environment.
Kevin Ashton, cofounder and executive director of the Auto-ID Center at MIT, first mentioned the Internet of Things: "All the information available on internet was captured or created by human beings(by typing, pressing a record button, taking a digital picture or scanning a bar code) with limited accuracy and attention.Instead if we could use computers to track things then we could know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling and whether they were fresh or past their best".
Examples that come under Internet of Things consist of thermostats, cars, electronic appliances, lights in household and commercial environments, alarm clocks, speaker systems, vending machines and more.Few other scenarios where IoT comes into picture are
- Automobile with built in sensors to alert the driver in case of any concern.Its possible to detect when components like batteries will fail and replacement is needed.
- Printers detects its low ink level and order for replacement.
- Stock-out prevention through connected and intelligent supply chains.
- A person with a heart monitor implant.
Objects that are part of IoT becomes connected to the surrounding objects and helps in creating creating a network of connections between secluded data sources.
Important thing here is the handing over of IP address for these IoT devices.According to Steve Leibson, who identifies himself as “occasional docent at the Computer History Museum,” the address space expansion means that we could “assign an IPV6 address to every atom on the surface of the earth, and still have enough addresses left to do another 100+ earths.”
As the number of IoT devices augments the security concerns for this also increases.Studies disclose that by 2020 there will be around 50 billion connected devices. Hackers can make use your data and can change your requirement.Consequently its needed that we look after the IoT devices against malware, spyware, worms, and trojans.
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